A recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) presents data on births, birth rates, and selected maternal and infant health characteristics for the United States in 2009. The new data has broken several records in respect of teen birth rates, C- section rates and total number of U.S. births.
The data is based on nearly 100% of birth records collected in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. The data is based on age, live-birth order, race, and Hispanic origin of mother. Other data such as marital status, cesarean delivery, preterm births, and low birth weight was also presented.
- The birth rate for U.S. teens aged 15-19 years was the lowest since 1940
- The cesarean delivery rate rose to about 33% of births that means one in three U.S. babies are delivered by C-section.
- The total number of U.S. births was the lowest ever, at 13.54 births per 1,000 total population.
- The birth rates were low from 2008 in almost every age group of women of childbearing. The birth rate for women in their early 20’s dropped by 7%, the largest decline for that age group since 1973.
- The pre-term birth rate, for infants delivered at less than 37 weeks...
of pregnancy, dropped for the third straight year to about 12 percent of all births.
- The birth rate for women ages 40-44 was up 3% from 2008, to about 10 births per 1,000 women. That’s the highest rate for that group since 1967.
The experts were stunned to see the lowest birth rate of U.S. teens. The exact reason is not known, but they say that the recent recession from December 2007 to June 2009 was one of the major factors responsible for lower birth rates. Other reasons that might play the role in lower birth rate were decline in immigration to the United States. A large proportion of immigrants are Hispanic, and Hispanics accounted for nearly 1 in 4 births in 2009.
Although lower birth rates were seen in the U.S. teens, there was one exception, which was higher birth rate for women older than 40. Looks like, this group is more concerned about declining fertility than the economy.