Highlights from XVIII International AIDS conference – Vienna

The International AIDS Conference which was recently held in Vienna, Austria is the 18th International conference on AIDS.  Over 20,000 government representatives and activists took part in this biennial Conference which was organized by the International AIDS Society, the world’s leading independent association of HIV/AIDS professionals.  The conference was loaded with studies presented on HIV transmission and measures required to control this epidemic.  Bill Gates, Obama, Hilary Clinton and many high profile personalities shared their opinion on AIDS.

I would like to cover couple of studies that were presented in the conference.

Vitamin D could attenuate the probability of HIV transmission
The study led by Mehta S. and colleagues from Harvard School of Public Health in Boston showed that the sub-optimal levels of maternal vitamin D (<32 ng/ml) elevates the probability of transmitting the immunodeficiency virus from mother-to-child by 50 percent at first 6 weeks. Also, these studies showed that vitamin D deficient mothers were at twice as likely as those who had sufficient vitamin D to transmit the HIV to children who were not infected in first 6 weeks, through breast feeding.

These statistics are outcome of the data that was collected after monitoring 884 Tanzanian HIV infected women who participated in vitamin D supplementation trials. In summary, it is established that the children born to mothers having maternal vitamin D levels as low as 46 percent were at higher risk of being infected with HIV and 61 percent were at higher probability of...

losing their lives during follow-ups

This study was published in Oct, 2009 issue of Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Source – Food Consumer.

New test approved by Federal Drug Administration allow eliminating false negatives
 HIV infection is detected by testing for the antibodies which aren’t formed until after several weeks of infection. This leads to false negatives, wherein numerous infected individuals remain unidentified for weeks. However, the new test approved by Federal Drug Administration promises to discern and identify infected patients within a week of getting infected.

Eliminating the false negatives at an early stage could help in decelerating the spread of AIDS virus alerting the infected person timely so that they are less likely to transmit the virus

Source – The Examiner

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